在我的一个客户端环境中,有两个Cisco 4510运行,已配置HSRP。已经讨论了在持续几个月内将其升级到VSS(虚拟交换系统)。作为获得VSS的主要驱动器是具有双宿主主机运行EtherChannel以连接到这两个4510R + E交换机。显然将核心交换机转换为VSS(并且在Dist / Access交换机中配置MEC - MultichassIs EtherChannel)有助于您提高整体性能,因为这两个结构都将在VSS和流量负载平衡中处于活动状态。在Dist / Access交换机中没有更多的STP阻塞端口,同时获得机箱级冗余。

有一个尝试实现VSS但失败。此处记录到未来的所有步骤,因为它仍在努力。错误消息显示iOS版本不匹配,尽管4510R + E都具有相同的IOS版本:

*Oct 22 13:49:30.890: %C4K_REDUNDANCY-2-IOS_VERSION_CHECK_FAIL: STANDBY:IOS version mismatch. Active supervisor version is 15.2(2)E6 (cat4500es8-UNIVERSALK9-M). Standby supervisor version is 15.2(2)E6 (cat4500es8-UNIVERSALK9-M)。冗余功能可能无法按预期工作。
虚拟交换系统1440
与传统网络设计相比

高可用性网络设计
简化使用虚拟交换系统

VSS(虚拟交换系统)可以删除热备路由器协议(HSRP),虚拟路由器冗余协议(VRRP)和网关负载平衡协议(GLBP)的需求。主要优势包括基于的以下积分 思科VSS问:&A:
1. VSS通过简化网络提高运营效率,从而将开关管理开销减少至少50%。
•Cisco Catalyst虚拟交换机的单点管理,IP地址和路由实例
•MultichassIsEtherChannel®(MEC)是一种第2层,可以创建简化的无环拓扑,从而消除了对生成树协议的依赖性,仍然可以激活以严格地保护任何用户错误配置。
•灵活的部署选项。底层物理交换机不必被共同定位。两个物理开关与标准10千兆以太网接口连接,因此可以根据所选的10千兆以太网光学器件的距离限制所以任何距离。
2. VSS促进不间断通信。
•执行依赖网络状态信息的应用程序(例如,转发表信息,NetFlow,网络地址转换[NAT],身份验证和授权),不会发生任何破坏。如果虚拟交换机成员发生故障,则VSS消除了L2 / L3协议重新验,导致确定性伯爵虚拟交换机恢复。
•利用EtherChannel(802.3ad或端口聚合协议(PAGP)进行确定性的第2层链路恢复,从而删除对跨越树协议进行链接恢复的依赖项。

预先要求检查:

1. VSS支持主管引擎7-E,主管引擎7L-E,主管引擎8-E,主管引擎8L-E,Catalyst 4500-X
笔记:

  • 两个机箱必须具有相同数量的插槽。但是,+ e和-e底盘可以混合。
  • VSS中的所有Supervisor引擎或系统必须精确匹配。

2.软件需要Cisco IOS XE 3.4.0SG和Rommon IOS版本15.0(1R)SG7稍后

CSW001#sh ver
Cisco IOS Software, IOS-XE Software, Catalyst 4500 L3 Switch Software (cat4500es8-UNIVERSALK9-M), Version 03.03.01.XO RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
Copyright (c) 1986-2014 by Cisco Systems, Inc.
Compiled Wed 30-Apr-14 02:55 by prod_rel_team



Cisco IOS-XE software, Copyright (c) 2005-2013 by cisco Systems, Inc.
All rights reserved.  Certain components of Cisco IOS-XE software are
licensed under the GNU General Public License ("GPL") Version 2.0.  The
software code licensed under GPL Version 2.0 is free software that comes
with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY.  You can redistribute and/or modify such
GPL code under the terms of GPL Version 2.0.  For more details, see the
documentation or "License Notice" file accompanying the IOS-XE software,
or the applicable URL provided on the flyer accompanying the IOS-XE
software.



ROM: 15.1(1r)SG1
CSW001 uptime is 43 weeks, 6 days, 17 hours, 24 minutes
Uptime for this control processor is 43 weeks, 6 days, 17 hours, 26 minutes
System returned to ROM by power-on
System restarted at 16:51:38 UTC Sun Dec 18 2016
System image file is "bootflash:/cat4500es8-universalk9.SPA.03.03.01.XO.151-1.XO1.bin"
Jawa Revision 3, RadTrooper Revision 0x0.0x41, Conan Revision 0x1449

Last reload reason: power-on



This product contains cryptographic features and is subject to United
States and local country laws governing import, export, transfer and
use. Delivery of Cisco cryptographic products does not imply
third-party authority to import, export, distribute or use encryption.
Importers, exporters, distributors and users are responsible for
compliance with U.S. and local country laws. By using this product you
agree to comply with applicable laws and regulations. If you are unable
to comply with U.S. and local laws, return this product immediately.

A summary of U.S. laws governing Cisco cryptographic products may be found at:
http://www.cisco.com/wwl/export/crypto/tool/stqrg.html

If you require further assistance please contact us by sending email to
[email protected]


License Information for 'WS-X45-SUP8-E'
    License Level: ipbase   Type: Permanent
    Next reboot license Level: ipbase

cisco WS-C4510R+E (P5040) processor (revision 2) with 4194304K bytes of physical memory.
Processor board ID FXS174Q1KV
P5040 CPU at 2.2GHz, Supervisor 8-E
Last reset from PowerUp
21 Virtual Ethernet interfaces
288 Gigabit Ethernet interfaces
32 Ten Gigabit Ethernet interfaces
511K bytes of non-volatile configuration memory.

Configuration register is 0x2102

CSW001#show inventory 
NAME: "Switch System", DESCR: "Cisco Systems, Inc. WS-C4510R+E 10 slot switch "
PID: WS-C4510R+E       , VID: V06  , SN: FXS1749Q1KV

NAME: "Clock Module", DESCR: "Clock Module"
PID: WS-X4K-CLOCK-E    , VID: V01  , SN: FXS174704Y3

NAME: "Mux Buffer 1 ", DESCR: "Mux Buffers for Redundancy Logic"
PID: WS-X4590-EX=      , VID:      , SN: FXS174701AK

NAME: "Mux Buffer 2 ", DESCR: "Mux Buffers for Redundancy Logic"
PID: WS-X4590-EX=      , VID:      , SN: FXS17470156

NAME: "Mux Buffer 3 ", DESCR: "Mux Buffers for Redundancy Logic"
PID: WS-X4590-EX=      , VID:      , SN: FXS174701Z9

NAME: "Mux Buffer 4 ", DESCR: "Mux Buffers for Redundancy Logic"
PID: WS-X4590-EX=      , VID:      , SN: FXS174701Z8

NAME: "Mux Buffer 7 ", DESCR: "Mux Buffers for Redundancy Logic"
PID: WS-X4590-EX=      , VID:      , SN: FXS174701ML

NAME: "Mux Buffer 8 ", DESCR: "Mux Buffers for Redundancy Logic"
PID: WS-X4590-EX=      , VID:      , SN: FXS17470440

NAME: "Mux Buffer 9 ", DESCR: "Mux Buffers for Redundancy Logic"
PID: WS-X4590-EX=      , VID:      , SN: FXS17470446

NAME: "Mux Buffer 10 ", DESCR: "Mux Buffers for Redundancy Logic"
PID: WS-X4590-EX=      , VID:      , SN: FXS17470443

NAME: "Linecard(slot 1)", DESCR: "10/100/1000BaseT (RJ45) with 48 10/100/1000 BaseT  EEE ports"
PID: WS-X4748-RJ45-E   , VID: V01  , SN: CAT1737L5CP

NAME: "Linecard(slot 2)", DESCR: "10GE SFP+ with 12 SFP+ ports"
PID: WS-X4712-SFP+E    , VID: V03  , SN: CAT2012L6AR

NAME: "TenGigabitEthernet2/1", DESCR: "SFP-10Gbase-SR"
PID: SFP-10G-SR        , VID: V03  , SN: FNS20500RTQ

NAME: "TenGigabitEthernet2/2", DESCR: "SFP-10Gbase-SR"
PID: SFP-10G-SR        , VID: V03  , SN: FNS20500RUU

NAME: "TenGigabitEthernet2/7", DESCR: "SFP-10Gbase-SR"
PID: SFP-10G-SR        , VID: V03  , SN: AVD2045A5V5

NAME: "TenGigabitEthernet2/8", DESCR: "SFP-10Gbase-SR"
PID: SFP-10G-SR        , VID: V03  , SN: AVD2044AASP

NAME: "TenGigabitEthernet2/9", DESCR: "SFP-10Gbase-SR"
PID: SFP-10G-SR        , VID: V03  , SN: FNS20500S9Z

NAME: "TenGigabitEthernet2/11", DESCR: "SFP-10Gbase-SR"
PID: SFP-10G-SR        , VID: V03  , SN: AVD211696KD

NAME: "TenGigabitEthernet2/12", DESCR: "SFP-10Gbase-SR"
PID: SFP-10G-SR        , VID: V03  , SN: FNS20500T5N

NAME: "Linecard(slot 3)", DESCR: "10/100/1000BaseT (RJ45)+V E Series with 48 10/100/1000 baseT Premium PoE ports (Cisco/IEEE)"
PID: WS-X4748-RJ45V+E  , VID: V03  , SN: CAT1746L5RN

NAME: "Linecard(slot 4)", DESCR: "10/100/1000BaseT (RJ45) with 48 10/100/1000 baseT "
PID: WS-X4648-RJ45-E   , VID: V03  , SN: JAE17410F8D

NAME: "Supervisor(slot 5)", DESCR: "Sup 8-E 10GE (SFP+), 1000BaseX (SFP) with 8 SFP+ Ports"
PID: WS-X45-SUP8-E     , VID: V02  , SN: CAT1749L63E

NAME: "TenGigabitEthernet5/1", DESCR: "1000BaseT"
PID: Unspecified       , VID:      , SN: AGM181620YC

NAME: "TenGigabitEthernet5/5", DESCR: "10GBase-CU-3M"
PID: SFP-H10GB-CU3M    , VID: V03  , SN: MOC16420DQ7

NAME: "TenGigabitEthernet5/6", DESCR: "10GBase-CU-3M"
PID: SFP-H10GB-CU3M    , VID: V03  , SN: MOC1732024K

NAME: "TenGigabitEthernet5/7", DESCR: "10GBase-CU-1M"
PID: SFP-H10GB-CU1M    , VID: V03  , SN: TED1547A3NX

NAME: "TenGigabitEthernet5/8", DESCR: "10GBase-CU-1M"
PID: SFP-H10GB-CU1M    , VID: V03  , SN: TED1547A3NS

NAME: "Linecard(slot 7)", DESCR: "10/100/1000BaseT (RJ45) with 48 10/100/1000 baseT "
PID: WS-X4648-RJ45-E   , VID: V03  , SN: JAE17410AF6

NAME: "Linecard(slot 8)", DESCR: "10GE SFP+ with 12 SFP+ ports"
PID: WS-X4712-SFP+E    , VID: V03  , SN: CAT1741L4FU

NAME: "TenGigabitEthernet8/1", DESCR: "SFP-10Gbase-SR"
PID: SFP-10G-SR        , VID: V03  , SN: FNS17380FRK

NAME: "TenGigabitEthernet8/2", DESCR: "SFP-10Gbase-SR"
PID: SFP-10G-SR        , VID: V03  , SN: FNS1738103Z

NAME: "TenGigabitEthernet8/3", DESCR: "SFP-10Gbase-SR"
PID: SFP-10G-SR        , VID: V03  , SN: FNS1738102N

NAME: "TenGigabitEthernet8/4", DESCR: "SFP-10Gbase-SR"
PID: SFP-10G-SR        , VID: V03  , SN: FNS17381055

NAME: "TenGigabitEthernet8/5", DESCR: "SFP-10Gbase-SR"
PID: SFP-10G-SR        , VID: V03  , SN: FNS1738104N

NAME: "TenGigabitEthernet8/6", DESCR: "SFP-10Gbase-SR"
PID: SFP-10G-SR        , VID: V03  , SN: FNS17380FTE

NAME: "TenGigabitEthernet8/7", DESCR: "SFP-10Gbase-SR"
PID: SFP-10G-SR        , VID: V03  , SN: FNS17380P9A

NAME: "TenGigabitEthernet8/8", DESCR: "SFP-10Gbase-SR"
PID: SFP-10G-SR        , VID: V03  , SN: FNS18040EBM

NAME: "TenGigabitEthernet8/9", DESCR: "SFP-10Gbase-SR"
PID: SFP-10G-SR        , VID: V03  , SN: FNS18041XTG

NAME: "TenGigabitEthernet8/10", DESCR: "SFP-10Gbase-SR"
PID: SFP-10G-SR        , VID: V03  , SN: FNS18041XV9

NAME: "TenGigabitEthernet8/11", DESCR: "SFP-10Gbase-SR"
PID: SFP-10G-SR        , VID: V03  , SN: AVA1736AU90

NAME: "TenGigabitEthernet8/12", DESCR: "SFP-10Gbase-SR"
PID: SFP-10G-SR        , VID: V03  , SN: AVA1736AZ2D

NAME: "Linecard(slot 9)", DESCR: "10/100/1000BaseT (RJ45) with 48 10/100/1000 baseT "
PID: WS-X4648-RJ45-E   , VID: V03  , SN: JAE17410F1K

NAME: "Linecard(slot 10)", DESCR: "10/100/1000BaseT (RJ45) with 48 10/100/1000 BaseT  EEE ports"
PID: WS-X4748-RJ45-E   , VID: V02  , SN: CAT1806L2H6

NAME: "FanTray 1", DESCR: "FanTray"
PID: WS-X4582+E        , VID: V02  , SN: FXS1749Q1UD

NAME: "Power Supply 1", DESCR: "Power Supply ( AC 6000W )"
PID: PWR-C45-6000ACV   , VID: V03  , SN: AZS17430ECA

NAME: "Power Supply 2", DESCR: "Power Supply ( AC 6000W )"
PID: PWR-C45-6000ACV   , VID: V03  , SN: AZS17430EBW

CSW001#sh module 
Chassis Type : WS-C4510R+E

Power consumed by backplane : 40 Watts

Mod Ports Card Type                              Model              Serial No.
---+-----+--------------------------------------+------------------+-----------
 1    48  10/100/1000BaseT EEE (RJ45)            WS-X4748-RJ45-E    CAT1737L5CP 
 2    12  10GE SFP+                              WS-X4712-SFP+E     CAT2012L6AR 
 3    48  10/100/1000BaseT Premium POE E Series  WS-X4748-RJ45V+E   CAT1746L5RN 
 4    48  10/100/1000BaseT (RJ45)                WS-X4648-RJ45-E    JAE17410F8D 
 5     8  Sup 8-E 10GE (SFP+), 1000BaseX (SFP)   WS-X45-SUP8-E      CAT1749L63E 
 7    48  10/100/1000BaseT (RJ45)                WS-X4648-RJ45-E    JAE17410AF6 
 8    12  10GE SFP+                              WS-X4712-SFP+E     CAT1741L4FU 
 9    48  10/100/1000BaseT (RJ45)                WS-X4648-RJ45-E    JAE17410F1K 
10    48  10/100/1000BaseT EEE (RJ45)            WS-X4748-RJ45-E    CAT1806L2H6 

 M MAC addresses                    Hw  Fw           Sw               Status
--+--------------------------------+---+------------+----------------+---------
 1 885a.9244.69c0 to 885a.9244.69ef 1.1                               Ok       
 2 0078.881d.b4d8 to 0078.881d.b4e3 2.0                               Ok       
 3 24e9.b3f4.9988 to 24e9.b3f4.99b7 1.3                               Ok       
 4 e4c7.22df.d9da to e4c7.22df.da09 2.1                               Ok       
 5 24e9.b3fb.a4c0 to 24e9.b3fb.a4c7 1.0 15.1(1r)SG10 03.03.01.XO      Ok       
 7 e4c7.22df.b42a to e4c7.22df.b459 2.1                               Ok       
 8 78da.6e56.3ad0 to 78da.6e56.3adb 2.0                               Ok       
 9 e4c7.22df.d01a to e4c7.22df.d049 2.1                               Ok       
10 7426.ac47.9dcc to 7426.ac47.9dfb 1.2                               Ok       

Mod  Redundancy role     Operating mode      Redundancy status
----+-------------------+-------------------+----------------------------------
 5   Active Supervisor   SSO                 Active            

3.许可证要求:


CSW001#show license image levels 
Module name        Image level  Priority  Configured  Valid license
--------------------------------------------------------------------
WS-X45-SUP8-E      entservices  1         NO          entservices             
                   ipbase       2         NO          ipbase                  
                   lanbase      3         NO          lanbase                 

Module Name     Role           Current Level     Reboot Level
--------------------------------------------------------------------
WS-X45-SUP8-E   Active         ipbase            ipbase    


CSW001#sho bootflash:
-#- --length-- ---------date/time--------- path
  1  185761868 Dec 26 2013 14:35:01 +00:00 cat4500es8-universalk9.SPA.03.03.00.XO.151-1.XO.bin
  2  185800924 Jul 03 2014 12:25:55 +00:00 cat4500es8-universalk9.SPA.03.03.01.XO.151-1.XO1.bin
  3    1903552 Oct 20 2017 13:53:59 +00:00 firmwareupgrade-151_1r_SG10.SPA
  4  195894252 Oct 20 2017 14:07:27 +00:00 cat4500es8-universal.SPA.03.06.06.E.152-2.E6.bin

1048748032 bytes available (572698624 bytes used)

CSW001#verify /md5 bootflash:cat4500es8-universal.SPA.03.06.06.E.152-2.E6$ bootflash:cat4500es8-universal.SPA.03.06.06.E.152-2.E6.bin
........................................................................................................................................................................................
(Omitted)
...................................................Done!
verify /md5 (bootflash:cat4500es8-universal.SPA.03.06.06.E.152-2.E6.bin) = 5beb7c27af2a02b60dae818811e2a229
CSW001#verify /md5 bootflash:firmwareupgrade-151_1r_SG10.SPA a5cef468e1e6$:firmwareupgrade-151_1r_SG10.SPA a5cef468e1e61e73dfd2accdc07edb57  
.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Done!
Verified (bootflash:firmwareupgrade-151_1r_SG10.SPA) = a5cef468e1e61e73dfd2accdc07edb57

升级rommon. 
从151_1r_sg1到151_1r_sg10。

CSW001# wr mem
Building configuration...
Compressed configuration from 53002 bytes to 17948 bytes[OK]
CSW001#reload
Proceed with reload? [confirm]

<Sun Oct 22 10:28:24 2017> Message from sysmgr: Reason Code:[3] Reset Reason:Reset/Reload requested by [console]^C^C^CFAILURE: syslogd shutdown
^H^H^HFAILURE: rpc.mountd shutdown
FAILURE: nfsd shutdown
^H^H^H^H^H^H^H^H
/bin/kill: 13665: No such process
/bin/kill: 13666: No such process
^C^C^C^H/bin/kill: 13773: No such process
/bin/kill: 13774: No such process
/etc/rc6.d/S01reboot: line 198: umount_cisco_filesystems: command not found
Please stand by while rebooting the system...
Restarting system.


Verifying FPGA (P) Signature ....................... PASSED
Verifying ROMMON (P) Signature ......... PASSED


************************************************************
*                                                          *
* Rom Monitor                                              *
* Copyright (c) 2012-2013 by Cisco Systems, Inc.           *
* All rights reserved.                                     *
*                                                          *
************************************************************

Rom Monitor (P) Version 15.1(1r)SG1 
Compiled Wed 14-Aug-13 17:15 [RLS]
 
System       : WS-X45-SUP8-E  Slot [5]
Chassis      : WS-C4510R*E    Mod  [1][2][3][4][7][8][9][10]
Revision     : CPU 2.0   BOARD 4.0   FPGA 3.15F2.9155
Memory       : 4096 MB
Date         : Sun Oct 22 10:29:06 2017


 Type Control-C to prevent autobooting....
 [CTRL-C]

 Autoboot cancelled.........!!!
rommon 0 >

rommon 0 >boot bootflash:firmwareupgrade-151_1r_SG10.SPA
Loading image !

 Checking digital signature....
 [bootflash:/firmwareupgrade-151_1r_SG10.SPA]
 Digitally Signed Release Software with key version A



************************************************************
*                                                          *
* Firmware Upgrade Utility                                 *
* Copyright (c) 2012-2017 by cisco Systems, Inc.           *
* All rights reserved.                                     *
*                                                          *
************************************************************
Version 15.1(1r)SG10
Compiled Fri 05-May-17 19:37 [RLS]


WS-X45-SUP8-E system detected
Unpacking keys:>

Image Name : Cat4K_PKeyStorage  
Image size : 65536 bytes 

Uncompressing image...

Image Name : Cat4K_RKeyStorage  
Image size : 65536 bytes 

Uncompressing image...
PKey[R] MD5 : af8b02b29f8f4a678436eff2a57cfa7f
BKey[R] MD5 : af8b02b29f8f4a678436eff2a57cfa7f
RKey[R] MD5 : 9a3b7cc91a840dccd2a74b2637295933

Programming Keys:>
----
****

Verifying Keys:>
PKey[W] MD5 : af8b02b29f8f4a678436eff2a57cfa7f
BKey[W] MD5 : af8b02b29f8f4a678436eff2a57cfa7f
RKey[W] MD5 : 9a3b7cc91a840dccd2a74b2637295933

Unpacking Golden ROMMON:>

Image Name : Cat4K_WSX45SUP8E_GROM_SIG  
Image size : 692 bytes 

Uncompressing image...

Image Name : Cat4K_WSX45SUP8E_GROM_BIN  
Image size : 557764 bytes 

Uncompressing image...

Validating Golden ROMMON:>

Cat4K_WSX45SUP8E_GROM_BIN: Digitally signed image Release with key version A

ROMMON[R] MD5 : b000f7d0a807df55d0a6b270ef947578

Programming ROMMON:>
---------
*********


Verifying ROMMON:>
.........
ROMMON[W] MD5 : b000f7d0a807df55d0a6b270ef947578

Unpacking Golden FPGA:>

Image Name : Cat4K_WSX45SUP8E_FPGA_HDR  
Image size : 56 bytes 

Uncompressing image...

Image Name : Cat4K_WSX45SUP8E_FPGA_GSG  
Image size : 692 bytes 

Uncompressing image...

Image Name : Cat4K_WSX45SUP8E_FPGA_GLD  
Image size : 1485236 bytes 

Uncompressing image...

Validating Golden FPGA:>

Cat4K_WSX45SUP8E_FPGA_GLD: Digitally signed image Release with key version A

FPGA[R] MD5 : b2d1602348cde87538ff7c01c87b00aa

Programming Golden FPGA:>
-----------------------
***********************
Verifying Golden FPGA:>
.......................
FPGA[W] MD5 : b2d1602348cde87538ff7c01c87b00aa

Unpacking FPGA:>

Image Name : Cat4K_WSX45SUP8E_FPGA_SIG  
Image size : 692 bytes 

Uncompressing image...

Image Name : Cat4K_WSX45SUP8E_FPGA_BIN  
Image size : 1485236 bytes 

Uncompressing image...

Validating FPGA:>

Cat4K_WSX45SUP8E_FPGA_BIN: Digitally signed image Release with key version A

FPGA[R] MD5 : d479b9601d832da6fdffbabc1b31bb22

Programming FPGA:>
-----------------------
***********************
Verifying FPGA:>
.......................
FPGA[W] MD5 : d479b9601d832da6fdffbabc1b31bb22

Unpacking ROMMON:>

Image Name : Cat4K_WSX45SUP8E_PROM_SIG  
Image size : 692 bytes 

Uncompressing image...

Image Name : Cat4K_WSX45SUP8E_PROM_BIN  
Image size : 524288 bytes 

Uncompressing image...

Validating ROMMON:>

Cat4K_WSX45SUP8E_PROM_BIN: Digitally signed image Release with key version A

ROMMON[R] MD5 : 3f90d435c804f93a2320712a34ada4a7

Programming ROMMON:>
---------
*********


Verifying ROMMON:>
.........
ROMMON[W] MD5 : 3f90d435c804f93a2320712a34ada4a7

[S] Resetting System !!!!


Verifying FPGA (P) Signature ....................... PASSED
Verifying ROMMON (P) Signature ......... PASSED


************************************************************
*                                                          *
* Rom Monitor                                              *
* Copyright (c) 2012-2017 by cisco Systems, Inc.           *
* All rights reserved.                                     *
*                                                          *
************************************************************

Rom Monitor (P) Version 15.1(1r)SG10 
Compiled Fri 05-May-17 19:31 [RLS]
 
System       : WS-X45-SUP8-E  Slot [5]
Chassis      : WS-C4510R*E    Mod  [1][2][3][4][7][8][9][10]
Revision     : CPU 2.0   BOARD 4.0   FPGA 3.33B9.94B7
Memory       : 4096 MB
Date         : Sun Oct 22 10:30:50 2017




 ***** The system will autoboot in 5 seconds *****


 Type Control-C to prevent autobooting....
. . . . . 

 config-register = 0x2102 
 Autobooting using BOOT variable specified file.....

 Current BOOT file is --- bootflash:/cat4500es8-universalk9.SPA.03.03.01.XO.151-1.XO1.bin 
Loading image !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

 Checking digital signature....
 [bootflash:/cat4500es8-universalk9.SPA.03.03.01.XO.151-1.XO1.bin]
 Digitally Signed Release Software with key version A

Rommon reg: 0x00084F80
Reset2Reg: 0x0C200000

Image load status: 0x00000000
########
 Conan controller 0x0498FA9B..0x04C268B4 Size:0x00CAC5EC @ 
####
 Radtrooper controller 0x047F3F00..0x0498FA9A Size:0x00661EDC @ 
 Link: 0x00000080-0x16000000 
 Program Done!
##############################
Freescale FM module (Jul 31 2013:13:42:18)
Starting System Services
Calculating module dependencies ...
RTNETLINK answers: Invalid argument
Oct 22 10:32:03 %IOSXE-2-PLATFORM: process kernel: Freescale FM module (Jul 31 2013:13:42:18)
Oct 22 10:32:03 %IOSXE-3-PLATFORM: process kernel: PME2: fsl_pme2_db_init: not on ctrl-plane
No Mountpoints DefinedOct 22 10:32:08 %IOSXE-3-PLATFORM: process sshd[4650]: error: Bind to port 22 on :: failed: Address already in use.

diagsk10-post version 6.1.0.0

prod: WS-X45-SUP8-E part: 73-14915-04 serial: CAT1749L63E


Power-on-self-test for Module 5: WS-X45-SUP8-E

CPU Subsystem Tests ... 
 seeprom: Pass

Traffic: L3 Loopback ... 
 Test Results: Pass

Traffic: L2 Loopback ... 
 Test Results: Pass
post done
Exiting to ios...
Loading virtuclock as vuclock
Loading gsbu64atomic as gdb64atomic
Loading gsbu64atomic
Starting IOS Services
AIPC Module Loaded...
Platform Manager: acquire hwlock chassis()
Platform Manager: starting in standalone mode

              Restricted Rights Legend

Use, duplication, or disclosure by the Government is
subject to restrictions as set forth in subparagraph
(c) of the Commercial Computer Software - Restricted
Rights clause at FAR sec. 52.227-19 and subparagraph
(c) (1) (ii) of the Rights in Technical Data and Computer
Software clause at DFARS sec. 252.227-7013.

           cisco Systems, Inc.
           170 West Tasman Drive
           San Jose, California 95134-1706



Cisco IOS Software, IOS-XE Software, Catalyst 4500 L3 Switch Software (cat4500es8-UNIVERSALK9-M), Version 03.03.01.XO RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
Copyright (c) 1986-2014 by Cisco Systems, Inc.
Compiled Wed 30-Apr-14 02:55 by prod_rel_team

Cisco IOS-XE software, Copyright (c) 2005-2013 by cisco Systems, Inc.
All rights reserved.  Certain components of Cisco IOS-XE software are
licensed under the GNU General Public License ("GPL") Version 2.0.  The
software code licensed under GPL Version 2.0 is free software that comes
with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY.  You can redistribute and/or modify such
GPL code under the terms of GPL Version 2.0.  For more details, see the
documentation or "License Notice" file accompanying the IOS-XE software,
or the applicable URL provided on the flyer accompanying the IOS-XE
software.




This product contains cryptographic features and is subject to United
States and local country laws governing import, export, transfer and
use. Delivery of Cisco cryptographic products does not imply
third-party authority to import, export, distribute or use encryption.
Importers, exporters, distributors and users are responsible for
compliance with U.S. and local country laws. By using this product you
agree to comply with applicable laws and regulations. If you are unable
to comply with U.S. and local laws, return this product immediately.

A summary of U.S. laws governing Cisco cryptographic products may be found at:
http://www.cisco.com/wwl/export/crypto/tool/stqrg.html

If you require further assistance please contact us by sending email to
[email protected]

cisco WS-C4510R+E (P5040) processor (revision 2) with 4194304K bytes of physical memory.
Processor board ID FXS1749Q1KV
P5040 CPU at 2.2GHz, Supervisor 8-E
Last reset from Reload
1 Virtual Ethernet interface
288 Gigabit Ethernet interfaces
32 Ten Gigabit Ethernet interfaces
511K bytes of non-volatile configuration memory.



Press RETURN to get started!



User Access Verification

Username: AdminUser1
Password: 

CSW001>en
Password: 
CSW001#
CSW001#show ver
Cisco IOS Software, IOS-XE Software, Catalyst 4500 L3 Switch Software (cat4500es8-UNIVERSALK9-M), Version 03.03.01.XO RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
Copyright (c) 1986-2014 by Cisco Systems, Inc.
Compiled Wed 30-Apr-14 02:55 by prod_rel_team



Cisco IOS-XE software, Copyright (c) 2005-2013 by cisco Systems, Inc.
All rights reserved.  Certain components of Cisco IOS-XE software are
licensed under the GNU General Public License ("GPL") Version 2.0.  The
software code licensed under GPL Version 2.0 is free software that comes
with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY.  You can redistribute and/or modify such
GPL code under the terms of GPL Version 2.0.  For more details, see the
documentation or "License Notice" file accompanying the IOS-XE software,
or the applicable URL provided on the flyer accompanying the IOS-XE
software.



ROM: 15.1(1r)SG10
CSW001 uptime is 2 minutes
Uptime for this control processor is 4 minutes
System returned to ROM by reload
System restarted at 10:33:40 UTC Sun Oct 22 2017
System image file is "bootflash:/cat4500es8-universalk9.SPA.03.03.01.XO.151-1.XO1.bin"
Jawa Revision 3, RadTrooper Revision 0x0.0x41, Conan Revision 0x1449

Last reload reason: Reload command



This product contains cryptographic features and is subject to United
States and local country laws governing import, export, transfer and
use. Delivery of Cisco cryptographic products does not imply
third-party authority to import, export, distribute or use encryption.
Importers, exporters, distributors and users are responsible for
compliance with U.S. and local country laws. By using this product you
agree to comply with applicable laws and regulations. If you are unable
to comply with U.S. and local laws, return this product immediately.

A summary of U.S. laws governing Cisco cryptographic products may be found at:
http://www.cisco.com/wwl/export/crypto/tool/stqrg.html

If you require further assistance please contact us by sending email to
[email protected]


License Information for 'WS-X45-SUP8-E'
    License Level: ipbase   Type: Permanent
    Next reboot license Level: ipbase

cisco WS-C4510R+E (P5040) processor (revision 2) with 4194304K bytes of physical memory.
Processor board ID FXS1749Q1KV
P5040 CPU at 2.2GHz, Supervisor 8-E
Last reset from Reload
21 Virtual Ethernet interfaces
288 Gigabit Ethernet interfaces
32 Ten Gigabit Ethernet interfaces
511K bytes of non-volatile configuration memory.

Configuration register is 0x2102

升级iOS.
从151-1.xo1到152-2.e6


CSW001#sh run | i boot
boot-start-marker
boot system flash bootflash:/cat4500es8-universalk9.SPA.03.03.01.XO.151-1.XO1.bin
boot-end-marker
ip dhcp bootp ignore
snmp-server enable traps entity-diag boot-up-fail hm-test-recover hm-thresh-reached scheduled-test-fail
CSW001#
CSW001(config)#no boot system flash bootflash:/cat4500es8-universalk9.SPA$/cat4500es8-universalk9.SPA.03.03.01.XO.151-1.XO1.bin      
CSW001(config)#boot system flash bootflash:/cat4500es8-universal.SPA.03.0$tflash:/cat4500es8-universal.SPA.03.06.06.E.152-2.E6.bin  
CSW001#reload
Proceed with reload? [confirm]


CSW001#sh ver思科 IOS Software, IOS-XE Software, Catalyst 4500 L3 Switch  Software (cat4500es8-UNIVERSAL-M), Version 03.06.06.E RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
Copyright (c) 1986-2016 by Cisco Systems, Inc.
Compiled Sat 17-Dec-16 04:35 by prod_rel_team



Cisco IOS-XE software, Copyright (c) 2005-2015 by cisco Systems, Inc.
All rights reserved.  Certain components of Cisco IOS-XE software are
licensed under the GNU General Public License ("GPL") Version 2.0.  The
software code licensed under GPL Version 2.0 is free software that comes
with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY.  You can redistribute and/or modify such
GPL code under the terms of GPL Version 2.0.
(http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl-2.0.html) For more details, see the
documentation or "License Notice" file accompanying the IOS-XE software,
or the applicable URL provided on the flyer accompanying the IOS-XE
software.



ROM: 15.1(1r)SG10
CSW002 uptime is 2 minutes
Uptime for this control processor is 4 minutes
System returned to ROM by reload
System image file is "bootflash:/cat4500es8-universal.SPA.03.06.06.E.152-2.E6.bin"
Jawa Revision 3, RadTrooper Revision 0x0.0x41, Conan Revision 0x1449

Last reload reason: Reload command



License Information for 'WS-X45-SUP8-E'
    License Level: ipbase   Type: Permanent
    Next reboot license Level: ipbase

cisco WS-C4510R+E (P5040) processor (revision 2) with 4194304K bytes of physical memory.
Processor board ID FXS1749Q1L6
P5040 CPU at 2.2GHz, Supervisor 8-E
Last reset from Reload
20 Virtual Ethernet interfaces
288 Gigabit Ethernet interfaces
32 Ten Gigabit Ethernet interfaces
511K bytes of non-volatile configuration memory.
          
Configuration register is 0x2102

配置VSS.

分配虚拟交换机域和交换机编号

CSW001#conf t
Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
CSW001(config)#default int range TenGigabitEthernet5/5-8
CSW001(config)#int range  TenGigabitEthernet5/5-8
CSW001(config-if-range)#switchport mode trunk
CSW001(config-if-range)#channel-group 2 mode on
Creating a port-channel interface Port-channel 2

CSW001(config-if-range)#int port-channel 2
CSW001(config-if)#switchport
CSW001(config-if)#switch virtual domain 10
Domain ID 10 config will take effect only
after the exec command 'switch convert mode virtual' is issued

CSW001(config-vs-domain)#switch 1
CSW001(config-vs-domain)#
CSW001(config-vs-domain)#
CSW001(config-vs-domain)#
CSW001(config-vs-domain)#exit
CSW001(config)#int port-channel 2
CSW001(config-if)#switch virtual link 1
WARNING:Port channel number for VSL on both chassis should not be same
MESSAGE:
You are configuring VSL on interface Po2.
There are member ports already attached to the port channel.
Remove all member ports before configuring as VSL Port-Channel.

CSW001(config-if)#do sh run int po2
Building configuration...

Current configuration : 66 bytes
!
interface Port-channel2
 switchport
 switchport mode trunk
end

CSW001(config-if)#default int range TenGigabitEthernet5/5-8
CSW001(config)#
CSW001(config)#
CSW001(config)#
CSW001(config)#int port-channel 2
CSW001(config-if)#switchport
CSW001(config-if)#switch virtual link 1
WARNING:Port channel number for VSL on both chassis should not be same
CSW001#copy run start
Destination filename [startup-config]? 
Building configuration...
Compressed configuration from 55645 bytes to 19679 bytes[OK]

CSW001#switch convert mode virtual 

This command will convert all interface names
to naming convention "interface-type switch-number/slot/port",
save the running config to startup-config and 
reload the switch.
Do you want to proceed? [yes/no]: y
Converting interface names
Building configuration...
Compressed configuration from 56306 bytes to 19719 bytes[OK]
Saved startup config to bootflash:  ****
Rebooting the switch

<Sun Oct 22 13:28:24 2017> Message from sysmgr: Reason Code:[3] Reset Reason:Reset/Reload requested by [console]. [Reload command]
umount: /proc/fs/nfsd: not mounted

核实
在CSW001上:

CSW001#show switch virtual 

Executing the command on VSS member switch role = VSS Active, id = 1


Switch mode                  : Virtual Switch
Virtual switch domain number : 10
Local switch number          : 1
Local switch operational role: Virtual Switch Active
Peer switch number           : 2
Peer switch operational role : Virtual Switch Standby
Cannot execute command on peer supervisor because it is not in SSO Standby state
CSW001#show swit
WARNING: Interface TenGigabitEthernet2/5/5 placed in restricted config mode. All extraneous configs removed!ch vi
WARNING: Interface TenGigabitEthernet2/5/6 placed in restricted config mode. All extraneous configs removed!rtu
WARNING: Interface TenGigabitEthernet2/5/7 placed in restricted config mode. All extraneous configs removed!
WARNING: Interface TenGigabitEthernet2/5/8 placed in restricted config mode. All extraneous configs removed!
CSW001#show switch virtual 
******************** WARNING ********************
* Config on Active changed due to new info      *
* from Standby. Saving original config on       *
* Active as startup-config.saved_vs-TIMESTAMP.  *
*************************************************

Saved startup config to bootflash:  ****
Building configuration...
Compressed configuration from 68981 byte                    
CSW001#
CSW001#show switch virtu
CSW001#show switch virtual 

Executing the command on VSS member switch role = VSS Active, id = 1


Switch mode                  : Virtual Switch
Virtual switch domain number : 10
Local switch number          : 1
Local switch operational role: Virtual Switch Active
Peer switch number           : 2
Peer switch operational role : Virtual Switch Standby
Cannot execute command on peer supervisor because it is not in SSO Standby state
CSW001#show switch virtual link

Executing the command on VSS member switch role = VSS Active, id = 1


VSL Status : UP
VSL Uptime : 2 minutes
VSL Control Link : Te1/5/5  
VSL Encryption : Configured Mode - Off, Operational Mode - Off

Cannot execute command on peer supervisor because it is not in SSO Standby state
CSW001#show switch virtual link

Executing the command on VSS member switch role = VSS Active, id = 1


VSL Status : DOWN
VSL Uptime : -
VSL Control Link : -
VSL Encryption : Configured Mode - Off, Operational Mode - Off

Cannot execute command on peer supervisor because it is not in SSO Standby state
CSW001#show switch virtual link

Executing the command on VSS member switch role = VSS Active, id = 1
CSW001#show switch virtual link port-channel 

Executing the command on VSS member switch role = VSS Active, id = 1


Flags:  D - down        P - bundled in port-channel
        I - stand-alone s - suspended
        H - Hot-standby (LACP only)
        R - Layer3      S - Layer2
        U - in use      N - not in use, no aggregation
        f - failed to allocate aggregator

        M - not in use, no aggregation due to minimum links not met
        m - not in use, port not aggregated due to minimum links not met
        u - unsuitable for bundling
        d - default port

        w - waiting to be aggregated
 
Group  Port-channel  Protocol    Ports
------+-------------+-----------+-------------------
2      Po2(SD)          -        Te1/5/5(D)  Te1/5/6(D)  Te1/5/7(D)  
                                 Te1/5/8(D)  
3      Po3(SD)          -        Te2/5/5(D)  Te2/5/6(D)  Te2/5/7(D)  
                                 Te2/5/8(D)  

Cannot execute command on peer supervisor because it is not in SSO Standby state

错误 
在CSW002 ::


*Oct 22 13:42:26.629: %C4K_IOSINTF-5-LMPHWSESSIONSTATE: Lmp HW session UP on slot 15 port 8.
*Oct 22 13:42:26.647: %C4K_IOSINTF-5-LMPHWSESSIONSTATE: Lmp HW session UP on slot 15 port 7.
*Oct 22 13:42:26.661: %C4K_IOSINTF-5-LMPHWSESSIONSTATE: Lmp HW session UP on slot 15 port 6.
*Oct 22 13:42:26.681: %C4K_IOSINTF-5-LMPHWSESSIONSTATE: Lmp HW session UP on slot 15 port 5.
*Oct 22 13:42:42.644: %VSLP-5-VSL_UP:  Ready for control traffic

*Oct 22 13:42:46.646: %VSLP-5-RRP_ROLE_RESOLVED: Role resolved as STANDBY by VSLP
*Oct 22 13:43:24.024: %C4K_REDUNDANCY-2-IOS_VERSION_CHECK_FAIL: STANDBY:IOS version mismatch. Active supervisor version is 15.2(2)E6 (cat4500es8-UNIVERSALK9-M). Standby supervisor version is 15.2(2)E6 (cat4500es8-UNIVERSALK9-M). Redundancy feature may not work as expected.
*Oct 22 13:43:24.024: %C4K_REDUNDANCY-2-NON_SYMMETRICAL_REDUNDANT_SYSTEM: STANDBY:STANDBY supervisor will operate in fallback redundancy mode rpr.
*Oct 22 13:43:28.062: %C4K_REDUNDANCY-3-COMMUNICATION: STANDBY:Communication with the peer Supervisor has been established
*Oct 22 13:43:29.093: %C4K_REDUNDANCY-2-VS_REBOOT_ON_RPR_FALLBACK: STANDBY:Supervisor in virtual-switch configuration cannot operate in redundancy mode RPR, will be reset
*Oct 22 13:43:29.184: %RF-5-RF_RELOAD: STANDBY:Self Reload. Reason: Virtual-switch fallback to RPR
*Oct 22 13:43:29.230: %SYS-5-RELOAD: STANDBY:Reload requested by Platform redundancy manager. Reload Reason: Virtual-switch fallback to RPR.
<Sun Oct 22 13:43:29 2017> Message from sysmgr: Reason Code:[3] Reset Reason:Reset/Reload requested by [console]. [Reload command]
umount: /proc/fs/nfsd: not mounted
/tmp/sw/mount/cat4500es8-base.SPA.03.06.06E.pkg:m
/tmp/sw/mount/cat4500es8-base.SPA.03.06.06E.pkg:m
Please stand by while rebooting the system...
Restarting system.


Verifying FPGA (P) Signature ....................... PASSED
Verifying ROMMON (P) Signature ......... PASSED


************************************************************
*                                                          *
* Rom Monitor                                              *
* Copyright (c) 2012-2017 by cisco Systems, Inc.           *
* All rights reserved.                                     *
*                                                          *
************************************************************

Rom Monitor (P) Version 15.1(1r)SG10 
Compiled Fri 05-May-17 19:31 [RLS]
 
System       : WS-X45-SUP8-E  Slot [5]
Chassis      : WS-C4510R*E    Mod  [1][2][3][4][7][8][9][10]
Revision     : CPU 2.0   BOARD 4.0   FPGA 3.33B9.94B7
Memory       : 4096 MB
Date         : Sun Oct 22 13:44:16 2017




 ***** The system will autoboot in 5 seconds *****


 Type Control-C to prevent autobooting....
. . . . . 

 config-register = 0x2102 
 Autobooting using BOOT variable specified file.....

 Current BOOT file is --- bootflash:/cat4500es8-universalk9.SPA.03.06.06.E.152-2.E6.bin 
Loading image !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

 Checking digital signature....
 [mem:/cat4500es8-firmware]
 Digitally Signed Release Software with key version A


Rommon reg: 0x00084F80
Reset2Reg: 0x0C200000
########
 Conan controller 0x36AA2900..0x36D39719 Size: 0x00CAC5EC @
####
 Radtrooper controller 0x36906D64..0x36AA28FE Size: 0x00661EDC @
 Link: 0x00000080-0x16000000 
 Program Done!

 Checking digital signature....
 [mem:/cat4500es8-base]
 Digitally Signed Release Software with key version A

###########
pci 0000:00:00.0: ignoring class b20 (doesn't match header type 01)
pci 0001:02:00.0: ignoring class b20 (doesn't match header type 01)
pci 0002:04:00.0: ignoring class b20 (doesn't match header type 01)
audit: cannot initialize inotify handle
mmc0: Got command interrupt 0x00030000 even though no command operation was in progress.
PME2: fsl_pme2_db_init: not on ctrl-plane
All packages are Digitally Signed
Starting System Services
Oct 22 13:45:23 %IOSXE-3-PLATFORM: process kernel: mmc0: Got command interrupt 0x00030000 even though no command operation was in progress.
Oct 22 13:45:23 %IOSXE-3-PLATFORM: process kernel: PME2: fsl_pme2_db_init: not on ctrl-plane

diagsk10-post version 6.1.0.0

prod: WS-X45-SUP8-E part: 73-14915-04 serial: CAT1746L6BQ


Power-on-self-test for Module 5: WS-X45-SUP8-E

CPU Subsystem Tests ... 
 seeprom: Pass

Traffic: L3 Loopback ... 
 Test Results: Pass

Traffic: L2 Loopback ... 
 Test Results: Pass
post done(71 secs)
Exiting to ios...
Loading gsbu64atomic as gdb64atomic
Using 15 for MTS slot
Platform Manager: starting in VSS mode (chassis id 2, in-chassis active)

              Restricted Rights Legend

Use, duplication, or disclosure by the Government is
subject to restrictions as set forth in subparagraph
(c) of the Commercial Computer Software - Restricted
Rights clause at FAR sec. 52.227-19 and subparagraph
(c) (1) (ii) of the Rights in Technical Data and Computer
Software clause at DFARS sec. 252.227-7013.

           cisco Systems, Inc.
           170 West Tasman Drive
           San Jose, California 95134-1706



Cisco IOS Software, IOS-XE Software, Catalyst 4500 L3 Switch  Software (cat4500es8-UNIVERSALK9-M), Version 03.06.06.E RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
Copyright (c) 1986-2016 by Cisco Systems, Inc.
Compiled Sat 17-Dec-16 03:54 by prod_rel_team

Cisco IOS-XE software, Copyright (c) 2005-2015 by cisco Systems, Inc.
All rights reserved.  Certain components of Cisco IOS-XE software are
licensed under the GNU General Public License ("GPL") Version 2.0.  The
software code licensed under GPL Version 2.0 is free software that comes
with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY.  You can redistribute and/or modify such
GPL code under the terms of GPL Version 2.0.
(http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl-2.0.html) For more details, see the
documentation or "License Notice" file accompanying the IOS-XE software,
or the applicable URL provided on the flyer accompanying the IOS-XE
software.



Initializing as Virtual Switch STANDBY processor
 ^
% Invalid input detected at '^' marker.

*Oct 22 13:48:34.535: %C4K_IOSINTF-5-LMPHWSESSIONSTATE: Lmp HW session UP on slot 15 port 5.
*Oct 22 13:48:34.569: %C4K_IOSINTF-5-LMPHWSESSIONSTATE: Lmp HW session UP on slot 15 port 8.
*Oct 22 13:48:34.582: %C4K_IOSINTF-5-LMPHWSESSIONSTATE: Lmp HW session UP on slot 15 port 7.
*Oct 22 13:48:34.596: %C4K_IOSINTF-5-LMPHWSESSIONSTATE: Lmp HW session UP on slot 15 port 6.
*Oct 22 13:48:50.575: %VSLP-5-VSL_UP:  Ready for control traffic

*Oct 22 13:48:53.591: %VSLP-5-RRP_ROLE_RESOLVED: Role resolved as STANDBY by VSLP
*Oct 22 13:49:30.890: %C4K_REDUNDANCY-2-IOS_VERSION_CHECK_FAIL: STANDBY:IOS version mismatch. Active supervisor version is 15.2(2)E6 (cat4500es8-UNIVERSALK9-M). Standby supervisor version is 15.2(2)E6 (cat4500es8-UNIVERSALK9-M)。冗余功能可能无法按预期工作。
*Oct 22 13:49:30.890: %C4K_REDUNDANCY-2-NON_SYMMETRICAL_REDUNDANT_SYSTEM: STANDBY:STANDBY supervisor will operate in fallback redundancy mode rpr.
*Oct 22 13:49:34.917: %C4K_REDUNDANCY-3-COMMUNICATION: STANDBY:Communication with the peer Supervisor has been established
*Oct 22 13:49:35.581: %C4K_REDUNDANCY-2-VS_REBOOT_ON_RPR_FALLBACK: STANDBY:Supervisor in virtual-switch configuration cannot operate in redundancy mode RPR, will be reset
*Oct 22 13:49:35.675: %RF-5-RF_RELOAD: STANDBY:Self Reload. Reason: Virtual-switch fallback to RPR
*Oct 22 13:49:35.713: %SYS-5-RELOAD: STANDBY:Reload requested by Platform redundancy manager. Reload Reason: Virtual-switch fallback to RPR.
<Sun Oct 22 13:49:35 2017> Message from sysmgr: Reason Code:[3] Reset Reason:Reset/Reload requested by [console]. [Reload command]
umount: /proc/fs/nfsd: not mounted
/tmp/sw/mount/cat4500es8-base.SPA.03.06.06E.pkg:m
/tmp/sw/mount/cat4500es8-base.SPA.03.06.06E.pkg:m
Please stand by while rebooting the system...
Restarting system.



故障排除和修复:

以下是我在线找到的一些解决方案虽然不是我的情况。

情况1:

问题是备用SUP有两个图像 - K9图像和非K9图像 - 当Active Sup只有K9图像。 Config Register是0x2101,它告诉交换机在BootFlash / SlavebootFlash中引导第一IOS。因此,当开关启动时,活动SUP使用BootFlash(K9图像)中唯一的iOS,而备用SUP使用SlaveBootFlash(非K9)中的第一个识别的IOS。结果,每个IOSS在每个IOS中运行。
这个问题在'sh冗余'和'sh log'命令中是显而易见的:
切换#显示冗余冗余系统信息:----------硬件模式=双工配置冗余模式=有状态切换操作冗余模式= RPR原因:未知维护模式=禁用通信= Up.
当前处理器信息:----------活动位置=插槽5当前软件状态=活动状态当前状态的正常运行时间= 1周,1天,43分钟图像版本= Cisco IOS软件,iOS-XE软件,Catalyst 4500 L3开关软件(Cat4500E-Universalalk9-M),版本03.01.01.sg发布软件(FC1) boot = bootflash:cat4500e-uchicalalk9.spa.03.01.01.sg.150-1.xo1.bin,1;配置寄存器= 0x2101
对等处理器信息:----------待机位置=插槽6当前软件状态=待机冷当前状态的正常运行时间= 1周,1天,43分钟图像版本= Cisco IOS软件,iOS-XE软件,Catalyst 4500 L3开关软件(Cat4500E-Universal-M),版本03.01.01.sg发布软件(FC1) boot = bootflash:cat4500e-uchicalalk9.spa.03.01.01.sg.150-1.xo1.bin,1;配置寄存器= 0x2101




切换#SH日志* SEP 2 14:52:05.490 UTC:%C4K_REDUNY-2-IOS_VERSION_CHECK_FAIL:iOS版本不匹配。主动主管版本为15.0(1)XO1(Cat4500E-Universalalk9-M)。备用Supervisor版本为15.0(1)XO1(Cat4500E-Universal-M)。冗余功能可能无法按预期工作。

案例2:
在思科支持社区中找到了另一个类似的支持主题。它具有与待机开关CSW002上的相同错误消息。

以下是解决方案 tarun vyas..


使用IOS升级在4500倍的最佳方法没有ISSU(无需停机,但建议在维护窗口中执行此操作)
程序方法
iOS升级Cisco 4500x(VSS)
预升级活动。

  • 配置两种设备的备份
  • iOS备份当前iOS(如果需要,请将当前iOS再次滚动后用。)

下面的命令输出。

  • 显示版本 - 寄存器值应为(Config-Register 0x2102)
  • 显示库存
  • 展示环境
  • dir bootflash:
  • dir slavebootflash:
  • show bootvar.
  • 显示开关虚拟
  • 显示冗余
  • 显示开关虚拟插槽映射
  • 显示模块
  • 显示日志
  • 显示运行开始

升级IOS在4500x中(已配置VSS)1. iOS在BootFlash和Slave BootFlash中下载:

  • 复制tftp:bootflash:

2.在BootFlash中检查iOS

  • dir bootflash:
  • dir slavebootflash:

3.非常适合MD5命令

  • 显示版本 - 寄存器值应为(Config-Register 0x2102)
  • 验证bootflash: cat4500E-Universalk9.spa.03.06.05.e.152-2.e5.bin.
  • 验证SlaveBootFlash: cat4500E-Universalk9.spa.03.06.05.e.152-2.e5.bin.
  • 71A13A0FA109FA731743C199E7A29479 此ios的MD5值

4.设置当前IOS的引导路径并验证路径已设置

  • 没有启动系统bootflash:cat4500e-uchsalalk9.spa.03.04.05.sg.151-2.sg5.bin
  • Boot System BootFlash: cat4500E-Universalk9.spa.03.06.05.e.152-2.e5.bin.
  • show bootvar.

备用交换机将重新加载备用设备中的iOS升级。

  • 冗余重新加载对等
  • 显示模块(在PEER提出后)

     我们将使用show module命令验证对等交换机的当前iOS6.现在将重新加载Master设备以获取iOS升级。

  • 冗余力切换

这将重新加载活动单元并强制切换到待机[确认]
准备切换......
7.主设备提出后,将在两个设备中验证iOS。

  • 显示库存
  • 显示版本
  • 展示环境
  • dir bootflash:
  • dir slavebootflash:
  • show bootvar.
  • 显示开关虚拟
  • 显示冗余
  • 显示开关虚拟插槽映射
  • 显示模块
  • 显示日志

案例3 - 我的案例:
我的案例与两者都相似但不完全相同。第一件事,我们的交换机都使用相同的iOS。我非常肯定。我们发现的是两个交换机中的传统配置都有干扰VSS进程。也是最重要的部分,冷启动两个交换机。一旦我们清除了配置并将其重新配置到VSS,它会在冷重新启动两个交换机后运行。之后,我们逐一复制配置。

CSW002#写 erase 
Erasing the nvram filesystem will remove all configuration files! Continue? [confirm]
[OK]
Erase of nvram: complete
CSWO3002#show bootvar
BOOT variable = bootflash:/cat4500es8-universalk9.SPA.03.06.07.E.152-2.E7.bin,1;
CONFIG_FILE variable does not exist
BOOTLDR variable does not exist
Configuration register is 0x2102

Standby not ready to show bootvar


CSW001#conf t
Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
CSW001(config)#switch virtual domain 10
Domain ID 10 config will take effect only
after the exec command 'switch convert mode virtual' is issued

CSW001(config-vs-domain)#switch 1
CSW001(config-vs-domain)#exit
CSW001(config)#int port-channel 2
CSW001(config-if)#switchport
CSW001(config-if)#switch virtual link 1
WARNING:Port channel number for VSL on both chassis should not be same

CSW001(config-if)#no shut
CSW001(config-if)#exit
CSW001(config)#default int range TenGigabitEthernet5/5-8
CSW001(config)#int range  TenGigabitEthernet5/5-8
CSW001(config-if-range)#channel-group 2 mode on
WARNING: Interface TenGigabitEthernet5/5 placed in restricted config mode. All extraneous configs removed!
WARNING: Interface TenGigabitEthernet5/6 placed in restricted config mode. All extraneous configs removed!
WARNING: Interface TenGigabitEthernet5/7 placed in restricted config mode. All extraneous configs removed!
WARNING: Interface TenGigabitEthernet5/8 placed in restricted config mode. All extraneous configs removed!
CSW001(config-if-range)#
CSW001#switch convert mode virtual 

This command will convert all interface names
to naming convention "interface-type switch-number/slot/port",
save the running config to startup-config and 
reload the switch.
Do you want to proceed? [yes/no]: yes
Converting interface namesWarning: Attempting to overwrite an NVRAM configuration previously written
by a different version of the system image.
Overwrite the previous NVRAM configuration?[confirm]
Building configuration...
Compressed configuration from 54678 bytes to 19194 bytes[OK]
Saved startup config to bootflash:  ****
Rebooting the switch

<Sun Nov 19 10:18:18 2017> Message from sysmgr: Reason Code:[3] Reset Reason:Reset/Reload requested by [console]. [Reload command]
umount: /proc/fs/nfsd: not mounted
/etc/rc6.d/S01reboot: line 198: umount_cisco_filesystems: command not found
Please stand by while rebooting the system...
Restarting system.


Verifying FPGA (P) Signature ....................... PASSED
Verifying ROMMON (P) Signature ......... PASSED


************************************************************
*                                                          *
* Rom Monitor                                              *
* Copyright (c) 2012-2017 by cisco Systems, Inc.           *
* All rights reserved.                                     *
*                                                          *
************************************************************

Rom Monitor (P) Version 15.1(1r)SG10 
Compiled Fri 05-May-17 19:31 [RLS]
 
System       : WS-X45-SUP8-E  Slot [5]
Chassis      : WS-C4510R*E    Mod  [1][2][3][4][7][8][9][10]
Revision     : CPU 2.0   BOARD 4.0   FPGA 3.33B9.94B7
Memory       : 4096 MB
Date         : Sun Nov 19 10:19:05 2017




 ***** The system will autoboot in 5 seconds *****


CSW001>en
Password: 
CSW001#
CSW001#
CSW001#
CSW001#
CSW001#show switch vir
CSW001#show switch virtual role

Executing the command on VSS member switch role = VSS Active, id = 1

RRP information for Instance 1

--------------------------------------------------------------------
Valid  Flags   Peer      Preferred  Reserved
               Count     Peer       Peer

--------------------------------------------------------------------
TRUE    V        0           0          0

Switch  Switch Status  Preempt       Priority  Role     Local   Remote
        Number         Oper(Conf)    Oper(Conf)         SID     SID
--------------------------------------------------------------------
LOCAL   1      UP      FALSE(N )     100(100)  ACTIVE   0       0   

Peer 0 represents the local switch

Flags : V - Valid 
In dual-active recovery mode: No

Cannot execute command on peer supervisor because it is not in SSO Standby state

   
CSW001#
CSW001#show switch virtual 

Executing the command on VSS member switch role = VSS Active, id = 1


Switch mode                  : Virtual Switch
Virtual switch domain number : 10
Local switch number          : 1
Local switch operational role: Virtual Switch Active
Cannot execute command on peer supervisor because it is not in SSO Standby state





Switch(config-if)#switch virtual link 2
WARNING:Port channel number for VSL on both chassis should not be same

Switch(config-if)#no shut
Switch(config-if)#exit
Switch(config)#
*Nov 19 10:37:41.879: %SPANTREE-6-PORTDEL_ALL_VLANS: Port-channel3 deleted from all Vlans 
Switch(config)#
Switch(config)#
Switch(config)#
Switch(config)#int range TenGigabitEthernet5/5-8
Switch(config-if-range)#channel-group 3 mode on
Switch(config-if-range)#do sh run int po3
Building configuration...

Current configuration : 113 bytes
!
interface Port-channel3
 switchport
 switchport mode trunk
 switchport nonegotiate
 switch virtual link 2
end


Switch#switch convert mode virtual 

This command will convert all interface names
to naming convention "interface-type switch-number/slot/port",
save the running config to startup-config and 
reload the switch.
Do you want to proceed? [yes/no]: y 
Converting interface names
Building configuration...
Compressed configuration from 15746 bytes to 4354 bytes[OK]
Saved startup config to bootflash:  ****
Rebooting the switch


CSW001#sh switch virt

Executing the command on VSS member switch role = VSS Active, id = 1


Switch mode                  : Virtual Switch
Virtual switch domain number : 10
Local switch number          : 1
Local switch operational role: Virtual Switch Active
Peer switch number           : 2
Peer switch operational role : Virtual Switch Standby

Executing the command on VSS member switch role = VSS Standby, id = 2


Switch mode                  : Virtual Switch
Virtual switch domain number : 10
Local switch number          : 2
Local switch operational role: Virtual Switch Standby
Peer switch number           : 1
Peer switch operational role : Virtual Switch Active
CSW001#
CSW001#
CSW001#sh redund     
冗余系统信息:

------------------------------
       Available system uptime = 4 minutes
Switchovers system experienced = 0
              Standby failures = 0
        Last switchover reason = none

                 硬件模式=双工
    配置冗余模式=有状态切换
     Operating Redundancy Mode = Stateful Switchover
              维护模式=禁用
                Communications = Up

当前处理器信息:
------------------------------
               Active Location = slot 1/5
        当前软件状态=活动状态
       Uptime in current state = 2 minutes
                 Image Version = Cisco IOS Software, IOS-XE Software, Catalyst 4500 L3 Switch  Software (cat4500es8-UNIVERSALK9-M), Version 03.06.07.E RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc3)
Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
Copyright (c) 1986-2017 by Cisco Systems, Inc.
Compiled Wed 12-Jul-17 21:28 by pr
               BOOT = bootflash:/cat4500es8-universalk9.SPA.03.06.07.E.152-2.E7.bin,1;
        Configuration register = 0x2102

对等处理器信息:
------------------------------
              Standby Location = slot 2/5
        Current Software state = STANDBY HOT
       Uptime in current state = 0 minute
                 Image Version = Cisco IOS Software, IOS-XE Software, Catalyst 4500 L3 Switch  Software (cat4500es8-UNIVERSALK9-M), Version 03.06.07.E RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc3)
Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
Copyright (c) 1986-2017 by Cisco Systems, Inc.
Compiled Wed 12-Jul-17 21:28 by 
               BOOT = bootflash:/cat4500es8-universalk9.SPA.03.06.07.E.152-2.E7.bin,1;
        Configuration register = 0x2102


参考:

经过 Jon.

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